From our life experience, we can see that sustainable development is achieved in a country where human dignity is always high and there is order.

Qo'ng'irotboy Sharipov, the director of Tashkent State Economic University
Qo'ng'irotboy Sharipov, the director of Tashkent State Economic University

Recently, a draft presidential decree "On the development strategy of new Uzbekistan for 2022-2026" was submitted for wide public discussion.

The project consists of 7 chapters, which include the realization of the great dreams and hopes of our multinational people and the solution of their problems. It includes "Building a people's state by enhancing human dignity and further development of a free civil society", "Making the principles of justice and the rule of law the most basic and necessary condition for development in our country", "Development of the national economy, its growth rates at the level of modern requirements". "Ensuring", "Fair social policy, development of human capital", "Ensuring spiritual development, radical reform and bringing this sector to a new level", "Finding solutions to global problems based on national interests", "Our country strengthening security and defense capabilities, open and pragmatic.

A significant part of the measures set in the framework of these goals is to provide mandatory social guarantees for the population, strengthen social protection of the needy, especially the leading force in education and medicine, which is a key factor in the development of the country. phase increase, and aim to bring this amount to the equivalent of $ 1,000. 

According to estimates, the population of Uzbekistan annually grows by 640-650 thousand people, and the number of able-bodied people is 360-370 thousand. Can our economy cover such labor resources of the population?

Yes, the flow of investments and the development of entrepreneurship in our country will grow and cover at this rate, but also to ensure the permanent employment of the population.  

Therefore, the strategy is aimed at creating opportunities for every citizen to study specific professions at the expense of the state, increasing the scale of vocational training by 2 times, vocational training for a total of 1 million unemployed citizens and bringing the participation of non-governmental educational institutions in this process to 30 percent.

Today, priorities such as management system, educational processes, digitization of library and document flow, a sharp reduction in the number of various reports and data, the widespread introduction of electronic platforms that provide the abandonment of paper form are relevant.

The algorithmic motivations of digitalization further expand the opportunities for young people to pursue higher education without being separated from production.

In particular, the measures noted by the President of our country to establish training for distance education will make it possible to realize the dreams of thousands of young people. The use of "cloud technologies" in such educational processes, individualization of the educational process based on digital technologies, webinar - online mastering of vocabulary from another classroom or higher educational institution, "blended learning", i.e. teaching the assimilation of previously written vocabulary and seminars at home.

In the implementation of state policy in the field of education, the development of 5-year step-by-step programs to prepare 10 potential higher education institutions to enter the international rankings of QS and THE by 2026 encourages them to enter the international rankings and occupy the top positions. 

The strategy envisages increasing the number of non-governmental higher education institutions to at least 50 and the total number of higher education institutions to 200 by 2026, and establishing at least 1 non-governmental higher education institution in each region based on the need for higher education. This is a testament to the acceleration of education reform. 

The strategy aims to widely introduce innovations in the economy, develop cooperation between industrial enterprises and scientific institutions, improve the country's position in the global innovation index and enter the top 50 countries in the ranking by 2030. This requires an approach to the development and use of human capital in our country with integrated programs.

We are considered a people who have repeatedly started the Renaissance. There is a high probability that the children of such a great nation in the future will again have a huge impact on human civilization at the initial stages of development.

The amount of funds allocated by the head of our state from the budget for the development of higher education is also growing from year to year. If 879 billion soums were allocated to the sector in 2018, in 2019 this figure was 1 trillion 288 billion soms, in 2020 - 1 trillion 888 billion soms.

The project aims to increase the coverage of preschool education from 67% to 80%, create an additional 1.2 million places in the public education system and allocate 605 billion soms from the state budget to update textbooks. and the introduction of a system of free meals for students in grades 1-4 in Khorezm region is an example of the special attention paid by the state.

It is important to pay attention to the health of mothers and children, to build rural health posts and family clinics close to the area where citizens live, to strengthen the existing material and technical base. Increasing the amount of high-quality and natural medicines produced in our country by 80%, the share of the private sector in medical services by 25%, allowing independent activities in the field of "family doctor" will reduce the cost of patients. will be the basis. It would be wrong to say that even in the most remote villages, family clinics will be the basis for the composition.

The activities of the primary health service in the regions are organized on the principle of "one step", it is planned to create 105 family doctor's offices and 31 family polyclinics, a radical reform of the sports infrastructure is planned, which will create a solid foundation for the upbringing of a healthy generation.

Over the past period, the idea of "from an action strategy to a development strategy" has served as a beacon for the new strategy of Uzbekistan. The idea of turning a healthy worldview and creativity into a nationwide movement, the widespread popularization of reading and the implementation of the nationwide idea of a "Book-loving Nation" is a reflection of the great place in our lives occupied by the state program "five important initiatives", introduced by the President of our country in 2019.



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